“I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.”
First lets set aside all the legalities. Poe is a natural-born Filipino, that’s a fact. It would be impossible for her biological mother to have given birth to her outside the Philippines then travel to the Philippines, Iloilo of all places, and leave her at the Jaro Cathedral.
As to whether she renounced her Filipino citizenship when she became a US citizen and whether that has cancelled her natural born Filipino status is something for the legal luminaries to debate upon.
A bigger issue looming for Poe is the fact that once upon a time, she pledged allegiance to a foreign country. For one to be a leader of a nation, ones patriotism should be unquestionable. Having pledged loyalty to a country different from the one she wishes to serve can put into question his loyalty to his constituents. In other countries, it can be an issue of national security. Aggravating it is the fact that all members of her family, if true, are all US citizens.
Having been colonised by the US for a good part of the 20th century, we may think that it’s not that bad at all. However, what if the citizenship of her family members were China, for example. Wouldn’t that pose a precarious situation for the nation in light of our territorial dispute in the West Philippine Sea? Wouldn’t she be questioned on her fitness to decide on these matters?
She has so far dodged questions of loyalty and patriotism so far. The focus has so far been on her citizenship. But if and when she is deemed to be qualified, at least on the issue of citizenship, i feel that the above mentioned issues will be at front and center. How she will respond will define her resolve and integrity more than the issue of her mental and emotional competence to be president.